What are the advantages and disadvantages of electric winches for vehicles?

Release time:2022-05-05
Electric winches are mainly used for driving lifting equipment in industrial production. In addition, the use of Car modification winch is also very extensive. The power source of vehicle electric winches is mainly in the power system of the vehicle itself. Seen as a one-piece structure.
The main purpose of electric winches for vehicles is to assist in getting out of trouble when the vehicle is trapped, so electric winches are the most common on off-road vehicles. It can be said that if an off-road vehicle is not equipped with an electric winch, then it does not have off-road capability at all. . So what are the advantages and disadvantages of electric winches for vehicles?
Advantages: The electric winch can be basically used normally when the vehicle is turned off (this is its biggest advantage that other winches cannot match), especially for areas with a lot of water, it has great advantages, and the installation is simple and can achieve multi-position installation and rapid displacement. .
Disadvantages: Electric winches can not be used for a long time. Because of the limitations of the vehicle's own power system and its own heat, most of the electric winches can provide a small driving force and can only apply force in one direction. Can be pulled forward, installed in the rear can only be pulled back.
Most winches on the market use planetary gears as reducers. The advantages of planetary gears are that the reduction ratio is relatively large due to their small size, and the gears have more contact points and longer service life. Winches are usually installed in tight spaces, so the smaller and lighter the better. Planetary gears are ideal for meeting this requirement while producing large reduction ratios.
To put it simply, the internal working mechanism of the winch is: the electric power from the car first drives the motor, and then the motor drives the drum to rotate, the drum drives the drive shaft, and the drive shaft drives the planetary gear, thereby generating a strong torque. The torque is then transferred back to the drum, which drives the winch. There is a clutch between the motor and the reducer that can be switched on and off with a handle. The brake unit is inside the drum, and the drum locks automatically when the noose is taut.

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